Basti chikitsa is one amongst the ayurvedic panchakarma therapies which is used to expel the vitiated dosha's out of the body through the intestinal route.
It is considered to be the best among the other panchakarma therapies because of it's ability to pacify vata dosha which is the igniting factor for any disease process.
Various toxins entering our body by food ,air etc. get accumulated in our gastrointestinal tract. As time passes these toxins tend to increase and get spread in all channels of our body causing various diseases.
These accumulated toxins in the form of dosha's if expelled out at right time can prevent the disease.
Conditions in which basti can be taken
- Joint pain
- Back pain
- Persistent headache
- Scanty menses
- Chronic fever
- Generalized weakness
- Intestinal worms
- Heart disorders
- psychological disturbances
- Difficulty in micturition and other such
- Impotence and other such
Having vata prakruti? .....Rush for a Basti
Problems of Vata prakruti:
- Inadequate sleep
- Dry skin
- Dryness of throat
- Lack of concentration
- Hair fall
Basti therapy is must for such Vata prakruti persons who can have it as a preventive therapy for avoiding serious Vata disorders.
In these basti's warm medicated oils are pooled over specific parts of body by a special arrangement for local pain relief over these areas.
Janu, kati and manya basti can be used over knee, back and neck region for corresponding conditions of pain in these areas.
Vrana basti is used over wounds for relieving pain and for rapid healing.
Anuvasana and Niruha basti
Asthapan or Niruha basti is the one in which medicated decoctions are inserted via a tube into anal canal.
These decoctions remain inside the colon for certain time period and are then expelled out along with the dosha's.
In Anuvasan medicated oils are used for the same purpose.
In Matra basti less quantity of oil is used and it does not need to be accompanied by any strict dietary restriction or daily routine and can be administered, in all seasons. Route of administration is same as that of anuvasan and niruha.
These are the major types of basti among others.
Steps in Basti
Poorvakarma - theses are the preliminary steps done before undertaking the basti therapy:
- Dipan - it ignites the digestive fire which has weakened in the disease process
- Pachan - it tries to digest the accumulated toxins
- Snehan - it involves oil application externally and it's consumption as well.
- Swedan - it is steam induced sweating for toxin clearance.
Snehan and swedana
Snehan and swedana provides lubrication and strength to the body for the upcoming detox therapy. Snehan helps in loosening of toxins from their sites which are then dislodged by swedana. These dislodged toxins are then easily expelled out of the body by the basti therapy.
Pradhan karma - this includes the actual process of administering basti
As per the requirement basti can be administered in 3 courses.
|Type of basti course||Niruha basti||Anuvasan basti||Total basti|
Paschat karm - helps in regaining the normal functioning of body
This includes various rules to be followed after having Panchakarma.
Medications in basti
Dashamoola kwath (Processed with roots of 10 vata pacifying herbs) is best for all painful and inflammatory conditions in the body occurring due to vitiation of vata.
Ashwagandha oilis recommended in cases where excess vata has reduced the body strength causing weakness. It is also indicated in conditions where vata has reduced the sperm count thereby causing sterility.
Yashtimadhu oilowing to the best healing properties, helps to treat piles, fissure and fistulae.
Tila oilis best for pacification of Vata and Kapha. It can be taken on daily basis in the form of matra basti and is recommended for patients having generalized weakness and for those having skin problems, hair fall etc.